The Applicability of Gladue Principles to Bail

Our bail system is failing. In Canada, over 250,000 pre-trial persons, are held in provincial and territorial detention centres across the country, more than triple that a decade ago,[1] exceeding even the population of sentenced inmates – [2] housed in environments that that fuel “crowding, violence and inhumane conditions”.[3] But it appears that this crisis in […]

The 3-Year Maskell Starting Point Sentences for Commercial Cocaine Trafficking in Alberta

Criminal law is the quintessential benchmark of community values in a society -The Honourable Judge A.J. Brown In the decision of R v Maskell (1981),[1] the Alberta Court of Appeal established a 3-year starting point sentence for commercial trafficking in cocaine. Since it’s inception, and particularly in recent years, the interpretation and application of starting […]

Criminal Law and the Frontiers of Neuroscience

A primary task for neuroscience is to explain how a two-and-a-half-pound hunk of organic matter produces consciousness intentionality, responsiveness, mental causation, and all the other mental apparatus that is so central to our lives…”[1] We are witness to an age of tremendous developments in the fields of clinical and theoretical neuroscience. Contemporary advancements continue to […]

Resource Inequality and Access to Justice

“The system comes down hardest on those without the means to defend themselves… It’s easy to prosecute those people and put them away and not think twice about it because no one is speaking for them”   The Battle of Thermopylae Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece. It has been […]